As long as prospective physics teachers have difficulties in the subject, it is inevitable that high school students will have the same difficulties.The aim of this study is to determine the misunderstandings and ideas of prospective physics teachers about applying the superposition principle to waves moving on a continuous rope.This causes a lot of heat generation and energy loss within the actuators. The study investigates and analyzes the possibilities of reducing the hydraulic resistance and increasing efficiency of the hydraulic actuator. Transaction flowcharting and internal controls of the revenue, expenditure, and conversion cycles are covered in detail.
The small sized outlet ports of the cylinders resist the flow of discharged oil; and as a result the piston motion is slowed down. The project set out to design and develop well-engineered tools for formative and summative assessment that expose students’ mathematical knowledge and reasoning, helping teachers guide them towards improvement and monitor progress.The tools are relevant to any curriculum that seeks to deepen students' understanding of mathematical concepts and develop their ability to apply that knowledge to non-routine problems.The proposed four ports cylinder was simulated and parameters such as ports sizes, loads and pressures are varied during the simulation. The hydraulic resisting forces, piston speed and mass flow rates are computed. Chenoweth, Aircraft flight control actuation system design vol.